Edge banding can be constructed out of many different materials, and is typically used in the furniture making and carpentry industries. It’s basic purpose is to cover and seal any exposed edges of materials such as particle board or plywood so that there are no rough edges, and giving the allusion of a more solid and reliable material than what the item is actually made of. Of the options for creation, melamine edgebanding is probably the most stable and durable as opposed to PVC, acrylic, or wood. However, it can be the most expensive.
The thickness of your melamine edgebanding depends on what you want to use it for and what material it is made to cover, and varies between .18 inches to 5mm, and sometimes larger. Always included with the edgebanding is your standard primer which actually is more like an adhesive which binds together your edgebanding with whatever surface you are applying it to.
Another, less costly option is wood vaneer edgebanding. However, it is important to make sure that the edgebanding is made from real wood vaneer sheets, as opposed to imitation. With technology as it is today, and people could try to sell you a fake, low quality product that they’re trying to pass off as real furniture grade wood veneer. This makes for a poor substitution and a low quality finished piece, but it usually not difficult to identify. You can always tell by the light weight of phony wood veneer, so never be afraid to pick it up and test it out!